Geographic Information Systems
A computer-based system that collects, maintains, stores, analyzes, outputs and distributes data, spatial information and spatial information. These are systems that collect, enter, process, analyze, display and output spatial and descriptive information, for specific purposes, and help in planning and decision-making.
With regard to agriculture, city planning and housing expansion, in addition to reading the infrastructure of any city
By creating so-called layers (in English (LAYERS), this system enables us to enter geographic information, maps, aerial photos, space and descriptive visualizations (names, tables), and manipulate them (revise them).
Of error), store, retrieve, inquire, analyze spatial and statistical analysis, and display them on a computer screen or on paper in the form of maps, reports, and graphs.
GIS helps in answering many questions related to the identification such as (what is the agricultural pattern, what types of crops are suitable to be planted in the agricultural unit), the measurements (what is the area and the coordinates of the units, what is the diameter of the irrigation pipe that irrigates), and the location (Where is the particular agricultural unit located), the condition (what irrigation pipes with a diameter of 300 mm in an area), the change (the degree of soil salinity from 1965 to the year 2020), the pattern distribution (what is the relationship between the population distribution and the areas of water presence) and the scenarios related to hydrology ( What happens if the irrigation water flow changes further into the pipe?